Best Lumbar Spine Surgery Hospitals in India wipe out Lower Spine Treatment
The lumbar spine is also known as the lower back and nowadays with a change in lifestyle people lower back are more affected due to long working hours, driving etc. The low back pain is a problem which can affect the lives of individuals of all genders equally. The reason due to which the back pain occurs is the pathological problem in the lumbar spines, which are the last five vertebrae of the spine.
Lumbar spine problems are most often caused by herniated discs due to which the pressure is on your spinal nerves which can lead to narrowing of the spinal column around the spinal cord. According to the study, the most common and important procedures perform to treat the lumbar condition are decompression and fusion.
How the decompression and fusion work to protect the lumbar spine?
a) Decompression:Lumbar spine decompression surgery is a procedure which is performed by the highly qualified and experienced surgeon to relieve the pressure over nerves by removing the diseased discs. Generally, the surgeons recommend decompression lumbar spine surgery in cases of spinal stenosis which is caused by disc herniation, thickened joints, bony growths, loosened ligaments etc.
This is a procedure in which the surgeon will remove a small portion of the bone over the nerve root or disc material from under the nerve root which gives the nerve root more space and will provide a better healing after the surgery.
There are various procedures through which the surgeons performed the decompressing lumbar spine and these are:
• Laminotomy or Laminectomy
• Foraminotomy or Foraminectomy
• Osteophyte removal
b) Fusion:Lumbar fusion surgery is a procedure where two or more vertebras are fused together to eliminate any movement between the involved bones. The main aim to perform the fusion surgery is to reduce pain and nerve irritation. During the fusion surgery, your surgeon will remove the diseased discs with a spacer device, pedicle screws, and rods which are attached to the back of your vertebra and they will insert the interbody fusion spacer into your disc space from one side of the spine.
Your surgeon will use the two approaches to perform the Lumbar fusion surgery (i) posterior approach and (ii) anterior approach.
(i) Posterior approach: The most common process which is used to perform the lumbar fusion is the posterior approach, where your surgeon will perform the surgery from the back. The three main Posterior fusion techniques are as follows:
• Poster lateral gutter fusion surgery
• Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) surgery
• Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) surgery
(ii) Anterior approach:In the anterior approach, your surgeon will place the bone directly into the section between the vertebrae where the shock-absorption disc had been situated.